The main reason for aerating is to alleviate soil compaction, as compacted soil prevents the circulation of air, water and nutrients within the soil. With the help of an aerator, roots will grow deeper to produce a stronger more vigorous lawn. Lawn aeration during the spring and autumn helps by allowing the surface to breathe and the soil temperature to rise more quickly.
Slitting And Spiking
A slitter or sorrel roller is used to perforate the soil with small holes to improve drainage and allow air penetration to the roots, which encourages growth. The deterioration of pitch quality over the rainy seasons force many clubs to postpone, cancel, and reduce the number of games played. The regular use of a slitter will help to keep the mud at bay, keeping revenue coming into clubs.
Scarify And De-thatching
Thatch is a layer of living and dead grass shoots, stems, and roots which form between the green grass blades and the soil surface. If thatch is left to build up, it can reduce the amount of oxygen and moisture that is able to reach the soil and grass roots, and can lead to increased pest and diseases problems. De-thatching removes this thick layer of decaying plant material that so air,water, nutrients, and fertiliser can reach the soil better, plus your lawn can drain more effectively. Scarifying should be carried out in the spring to remove decaying surface debris that has accumulated over the winter. It is also a necessity in autumn,as dried grass and plant matter build up over the summer.
Hollow Tine Corer
A hollow tine corer is normally used by professionals on fine lawns such as tennis or bowls. The hollow tines delve deep into the turf surface to remove a core. Removing cores from turfed areas allows air and water to have direct access to the root system more effectively than just slitting.
In autumn and winter you want to strengthen your grass by providing long-term nutrients. These nutrients should contain plenty of potassium to make the grass more resistant to the cold. During the spring itÊs time to give the grass a boost to get it dense, thick, and green as soon as possible by using a high-nitrogen lawn fertiliser.Fertiliser can be granular or liquid, and must be applied evenly. Avoid spills as they can burn the grass. Treat persistent weeds by spraying with a hormone weed killer on a day when no rain is forecast
During frosty and wet weather, keep off the grass as much as possible as it will struggle to recover from trauma until the spring.